June 11, 2020

2021 Forage Seeding & Forage Production Modifications

Per RMA bulletin PM-20-029, the following revisions were made to the Forage Seeding Crop Provisions and Forage Production Crop Provisions for the 2021 and succeeding Crop Years (CY):

Forage Seeding

  • Revised the loss adjustment method to be based on alfalfa stems (Adequate Stand). Therefore, the current insurable types will be converted to new types based on percentage of alfalfa groundcover. The Adequate Stand method more accurately predicts yields in subsequent years by using the
    number of live stems rather than live plants (Normal Planting Density) for alfalfa mixes with more
    than 60% alfalfa.
  • Maintained current loss determination method (Normal Planting Density) for forage types that
    contain less than 60 percent alfalfa or no alfalfa at all, such as red clover. Normal Planting Density
    will also be used for replant determinations.
  • Revised insurable alfalfa types to be based on alfalfa groundcover percentage as the Adequate
    Stand method is utilized for alfalfa mixes with 60% or more alfalfa groundcover (see Appendix 1).
  • Revised provisions and program dates to allow for expansion of the fall planted practice and
    expansion into additional counties.
  • Removed state and county-specific references to allow for more-timely responsiveness to new or evolving regional conditions as needed in the future.

Forage Production

  • Revised the Adequate Stand definition to correspond with the definition in the Forage Seeding
    Crop Provisions.
  • Added the definition of Normal Planting Density to correspond with the definition in the Forage
    Seeding Crop Provisions and address the loss determination methods for types with less than 60
    percent alfalfa or no alfalfa at all.
  • Revised insurable alfalfa types to be based on alfalfa groundcover percentage (see Appendix 2).
  • Revised the cancellation and termination dates for Arizona from September 30 to October 31 and
    revised the cancellation and termination dates for Nevada and Utah from October 31 to September 30.
  • Removed state and county-specific references to allow for more-timely responsiveness to new or evolving regional conditions as needed in the future.

 

APPENDIX 1: Forage Seeding Types

New type definitions are:

  • Alfalfa 90-100: Alfalfa is 90 percent or more of groundcover
  • Alfalfa 60-89: Alfalfa is at least 60 percent but less than 90 percent of groundcover.

The table below shows existing insurable types and new insurable types beginning with the 2021 crop year.

Existing TypesNew Types / Insurable Types
Birdsfoot TrefoilUnchanged
Birdsfoot Trefoil Grass MixtureUnchanged
Alfalfa Grass MixtureUnchanged
Red CloverUnchanged
AlfalfaAlfalfa 90-100
Alfalfa 60-89

 


APPENDIX 2: Forage Production Types

New type definitions are:

  • Alfalfa 90-100: Alfalfa is 90 percent or more of groundcover.
  • Alfalfa 60-89: Alfalfa is at least 60 percent but less than 90 percent of groundcover.
  • Alfalfa 25-59: Alfalfa is at least 25 percent but less than 60 percent of groundcover.
  • Alfalfa 1-24: Alfalfa is at least 1 percent but less than 25 percent of groundcover.

The table below can be used to convert APH databases from existing types into new types for the 2021 CY:

Existing TypeHow to ConvertNew Type
AlfalfaUse the Forage Underwriting Report (FUR) from prior years to determine if the percent ground cover is 90-100. If it is 90 or greater, then the APH can be converted to the Alfalfa 90- 100 type. If the percent of ground cover has not been recorded in prior years, use the current crop year’s FUR to determine if the stand meets the Alfalfa 90-100 type percent ground cover.Alfalfa 90-100
AlfalfaIf the percent ground cover is less than 90 percent in the prior years’ FUR or the current year’s FUR (see above), then the APH will be converted to Alfalfa 60-89.Alfalfa 60-89
Alfalfa Grass MixtureConverts to Alfalfa 25-59Alfalfa 25-59
Grass Alfalfa MixtureConverts to Alfalfa 1-24Alfalfa 1-24
GrassNAUnchanged
Red CloverNAUnchanged
Birdsfoot TrefoilNAUnchanged
Timothy Grass/OrchardgrassNAUnchanged

 

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